5 August 1600: An attempt is allegedly made on James VI's life by the Gowrie family in Perth during what is known as the Gowrie conspiracy. Others suggest it was a plot by the King to avoid paying the £80,000 owed by the crown to the family.
7 February 1603: The Battle of Glen Fruin takes place near Loch Lomond between Clan Gregor and Clan Colquhoun. Some 200 men of Clan Colquhoun and their allies are killed, while casualties on the Clan Gregor side are very light.
24 March 1603: Queen Elizabeth I of England dies. Two days later the news reaches 36 year old James VI of Scotland in Edinburgh that he is now also King James I of England. He styles himself "King of Great Britain" and the crowns of Scotland and England are unified under the Stewart dynasty, though increasingly the family name is now spelled "Stuart".
3 April 1603: King James VI of Scotland moves south to London to become James I of England. He promises to return every three years, but will return to Scotland just once in the 22 years until his death.
1609: James I/VI begins the plantation of Scots Protestants into Ulster as a means of pacification.
1611: The growth in use of the English language King James Bible by Scottish Protestants helps weaken the Gaelic language.
1614: John Napier publishes the "Description of the Marvelous Canon of Logarithms": or log tables to everyone using them over the 360 years that follow until the invention of the electronic calculator.
1616: The Scottish church sets up schools in every parish to teach children "godliness and knowledge": and to read and write in English and not Gaelic, which it considers "the chief cause of the barbaritie and incivilitie of the people."
15 March 1617: James I/VI travels north for his first visit to Scotland since he became King of England in 1603.
4 April 1617 : The death in Edinburgh of John Napier, the hugely influential mathematician who invented logarithms, who produced a calculating machine, and who did much to further the interests of the decimal point in mathematics.
12 February 1624: The death in London of Goldsmith and philanthropist George Heriot.
27 March 1625: King James I/VI dies at the age of 58. His eldest son, Prince Henry, had died in 1612, so James is succeeded by his younger son, Charles. Charles I is aged 24 and knows little about being a king: except, he believes, that it comes with a Divine Right to rule direct from God.
13 June 1625: King Charles I marries Henrietta Maria, daughter of King Henry IV of France.
29 May 1630: The birth in London of the future King Charles II.
1633: Charles I comes to Scotland for his coronation as King of Scots, using full Anglican rites to the dismay of many in the Church of Scotland.
24 April 1633: A royal warrant is issued to Sir John Hepburn to raised a body of men in Scotland for service in France. This regiment becomes known as the Royal Scots.
23 July 1637: A riot erupts in St Giles' Cathedral, Edinburgh, when when a street-seller called Jenny Geddes thows a stool at the Dean after he tries to use the Book of Common Prayer as newly imposed by King Charles I for use throughout his United Kingdom.
28 February 1638: The National Covenant is signed, eventually by thousands of Scots. It seeks to preserve distinctive Scots cultural and religious practices against the increasingly arbitrary and Kingdom-wide approach of Charles I.
21 November 1638: The General Assembly of the Church of Scotland begins a month-long meeting in Glasgow despite the efforts of the King's Lord High Commissioner in Scotland, the Marquis of Hamilton, to dissolve it. By continuing with the meeting, the Assembly members effectively declare themselves as rebels against the King.
May 1639: The Wars of the Covenant begin with the First Bishops' War. Fighting is focused in the north east of Scotland. The Marquess of Montrose for the Covenanters takes Aberdeen, and captures the royalist commander, the Marquess of Huntly. Huntly's son is beaten at Brig o' Dee on 19 June. Promised support from Charles I's forces in England and Ulster fails to materialise.
September 1639: The Scottish "Free Parliament" confirms the decisions of the General Assembly the previous year.