Annandale & Eskdale was a district council area which existed from 1975 to 1996. It was one of four district councils that delivered a range of local level services within the wider area of the region of Dumfries & Galloway, which over this period was one of the 12 regions into which Scotland was divided.
Annandale & Eskdale was formed from the eastern half of the traditional county of Dumfriesshire. The main settlements were Annan, Ecclefechan, Gretna, Langholm, Lockerbie, Lochmaben and Moffat. It was bordered on the west by the district of Nithsdale in Dumfries & Galloway; on the north by Clydesdale in Strathclyde; and on the north east by Ettrick & Lauderdale, Roxburgh, and Tweeddale, all districts in Scottish Borders.
When regions and districts disappeared from the scene in the 1996 reorganisation, the area of Annandale & Eskdale became part of the unitary council area of Dumfries & Galloway. For administrative purposes, Dumfries & Galloway is divided by the council into four management areas. These use the names and follow the boundaries of the earlier districts, so the area of Annandale & Eskdale District now forms the Annandale & Eskdale management area of Dumfries & Galloway.