Tweeddale was a district council area which existed from 1975 to 1996. It was one of four district councils that delivered a range of local level services within the wider area of the region of Scottish Borders, which over this period was one of the 12 regions into which Scotland was divided.
Tweeddale inherited the area of the traditional county of Peeblesshire. The main settlements were Peebles, Innerleithen and West Linton. It was bordered on the north by the districts of West Lothian, City of Edinburgh and Midlothian, all in Lothian Region; on the east by Ettrick and Lauderdale, a district of Scottish Borders; on the south by Annandale & Eskdale in Dumfries & Galloway; and on the west by Clydesdale in Strathclyde.
When regions and districts disappeared from the scene in the 1996 reorganisation, the area of the district of Tweeddale became part of the unitary council area of Scottish Borders. For administrative purposes, Scottish Borders is divided by the council into five area committee areas, which are partly based on the district council areas that preceded them. The area covered by Tweeddale District Council retained its boundaries and became the Tweeddale area committee area.