Grampian was one of the 12 regions into which Scotland was divided from 1975 to 1996. During that period the Grampian Regional Council provided a range of local government services in the areas now covered by the unitary councils of Moray, Aberdeenshire and the City of Aberdeen.
Grampian was itself divided into five district councils, which provided a range of local authority services intended to complement those provided by Grampian at the regional level. These were City of Aberdeen, Banff and Buchan, Gordon, Kincardine and Deeside, and Moray.
When it was formed in 1975, Grampian was created from the traditional counties of Kincardineshire, Aberdeenshire, Banffshire and the County of Moray. In 1996, when a further major reorganisation swept away the regions and districts and replaced them with 32 unitary councils, two of Grampian's districts, City of Aberdeen and Moray, became unitary council areas in their own right. The remaining three were amalgamated to form Aberdeenshire, so restoring the name of one of the traditional counties lost in 1975.
Although Grampian no longer exists as a subdivision of Scotland in local authority terms, its name and coverage continue to be reflected in a range of other services, including Grampian Police, NHS Grampian, Grampian Fire and Rescue Service, and the Grampian Valuation Joint Board.