1 November 1756: The Wanlockhead Miners' Library, the second oldest subscription library in Scotland (and Europe) is established 'for our mutual improvement' with 32 members.
1 November 1940 The death in combat of Squadron Leader Archie McKellar, a leading fighter ace during the Battle of Britain.
2 November 1698: The ill-fated First Darien Expedition arrives in central America and lands in what it christens "New Caledonia" in what is now Panama.
2 November 1881: The birth in Kirkintilloch of Tom Johnston, who would serve as Secretary of State for Scotland from 1941 to 1945 and is best remembered for his role in driving ahead a number of large hydro-electricity schemes across the Highlands.
2 November 1967: Winnie Ewing wins Hamilton for the Scottish National Party in a by-election, taking the first ever seat for the party.
3 November 1640: King Charles I convenes the English Parliament to raise the funds to settle with the Scots as agreed at Ripon. This "Long Parliament" will to sit until 1653 and lead to Charles' loss of his throne and his head.
3 November 1934: The death of Sir Robert McAlpine, 1st Baronet, the builder who innovations gained him the nickname of "Concrete Bob" and who established the construction company Sir Robert McAlpine Ltd.
4 November 1990: The death of Colonel Sir David Stirling, the Scottish landowner, keen mountaineer, World War II army officer, and founder of the Special Air Service.
5 November 1688: William of Orange lands at Brixham in south west England with a huge army. He has come at the invitation of representatives of the English nobility and church. His wife Mary is James VII/II's daughter and until the birth of James Francis Edward was the heir to the throne.
5 November 1879: The death of James Clerk Maxwell, one of greatest scientists of any era.
6 November 1887: Celtic Football Club is formally constituted at a meeting in St. Mary's church hall in East Rose Street in Glasgow.
8 November 1308: Death of the theologian, philosopher, and logician, John Duns Scotus.
8 November 1736: Scotland's first public theatre opens in Carruber's Close, Edinburgh.
9 November 1937: The death of Ramsay MacDonald, three times Prime Minister of Great Britain.
10 November 1839: The birth of Thomas Ross, FRSA, an architect best known as a partner in the practice of MacGibbon and Ross, who write comprehensive multi-volume books about Scotland's castles and churches.
11 November 1874: The birth in Ireland of Dame Anne Louise McIlroy, the pioneering woman doctor who helped establish the Scottish Women's Hospitals for Foreign Service during the First World War.
11 November 1918: An armistice comes into force ending fighting in the First World War. During the war 140,000 Scots are killed.
13 November 1715: A Jacobite uprising in northern England is cornered and defeated in Preston.
13 November 1841: James Braid, the father of hypnotism, attends a demonstration of "mesmerism" that begins his interest in the subject.
14 November 1650: The birth in the Netherlands of William of Orange, who became King William III of England and of Ireland on 22 January 1689, and King William II of Scotland on 4 April 1689.
14 November 1770: The explorer James Bruce reaches Lake Tana, the source of the Blue Nile, becoming, perhaps, the first European to reach that location.
15 November 1824: The start of the Great Fire of Edinburgh, which continues to burn for five days with the loss of thirteen lives.
15 November 1847: Sir James Young Simpson gives the first public demonstration of his new anaesthetic and a few days later publishes his highly influential Account of a New Anaesthetic Agent.
16 November 1956: The last tram runs in Edinburgh.
17 November 1765: The birth in France of Étienne-Jacques-Joseph-Alexandre MacDonald, 1st Duc de Taranto, who became a Marshal of France during the Napoleonic Wars.
18 November 1749: The death in London of Sir William Keith, who served as Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania and what is now Delaware.
18 November 1785: The birth near Cupar of Sir David Wilkie, a Scottish artist who made his name for his works depicting historical and religious subjects, though he also painted portraits and a range of other subjects.
19 November 1805: Explorer Mungo Park sets sail downstream into the unknown reaches of the River Niger in a large canoe with what remains of his ill-fated expedition.
19 November 1976: The death in Suffolk of Sir Basil Spence, the eminent architect who produced many buildings in the UK and beyond in the Modernist/Brutalist style.
20 November 1737: The death in London at the age of 54 of Queen Caroline, wife of King George II.
21 November 1638: The General Assembly of the Church of Scotland begins a month-long meeting in Glasgow despite the efforts of the King's Lord High Commissioner in Scotland, the Marquis of Hamilton, to dissolve it. By continuing with the meeting, the Assembly members effectively declare themselves as rebels against the King.
21 November 1918: The German High Seas Fleet surrenders to the Royal Navy's Grand Fleet in the Firth of Forth.
22 November 1547: 3,000 Scottish troops besiege Broughty Castle, overlooking the mouth of the Firth of Tay.
22 November 1869: The clipper "Cutty Sark" is launched at Dumbarton on the River Clyde.
23 November 1547: 3,000 Scottish troops besiege Broughty Castle, overlooking the mouth of the Firth of Tay.
24 November 1440: The Livingston and Crichton families seek to secure their joint influence over the young James II by killing the Earl of Douglas and his brother in the presence of the King at Edinburgh Castle.
24 November 1572: The death in Edinburgh of John Knox, one of the leading figures in the Presbyterian Reformation of the Church in Scotland and a man who in another era would have been described as a religious fundamentalist.
25 November 1835: The birth in Dunfermline of Andrew Carnegie, who founded what became the Carnegie Steel Company in the United States. He is principally remembered for funding large numbers of libraries and educational establishments in the US, Scotland and elsewhere.
25 November 1897: The birth in Callander of Helen Duncan, the medium and spiritualist best remembered as the last person to be jailed under the Witchcraft Act of 1735, a prosecution that contributed to the Act's repeal.
26 November 1917: The death of pioneering surgeon and suffragette, Elsie Inglis.
27 November 1950: The death of the professional golfer and golf course designer James Braid.
29 November 1872: The scientist, mathematician and writer, Mary Somerville dies in Italy.
30 November 1872: The world's first football international is held between Scotland and England, ending in a goalless draw.
30 November 1923: The death of John Maclean, the revolutionary socialist politician who played an important part in the Red Clydeside movement.
30 November 1996: The Conservative Government, under John Major and Secretary of State for Scotland Michael Forsyth, returns the Stone of Destiny from Westminster Abbey to Edinburgh Castle, where it is put on display beside the Honours of Scotland.