1 June 1679: Troops encounter a large conventicle of many thousands of people taking place in Ayrshire at Loudoun Hill. The Battle of Drumclog that follows sees the troops overwhelmed by much larger numbers of largely unarmed Covenanters and they flee.
1 June 1841: The death in New York of Robert Allan, a weaver who became more widely known for the songs he composed and the poetry he wrote. He had arrived in New York on 25 May, to start a new life in the new world, and died six days later.
1 June 1841: The eminent artist Sir David Wilkie dies on board a ship in the Mediterranean.
1 June 1872: The death in New York of James Gordon Bennett, the founder, publisher and editor of the New York Herald.
2 June 1398: The date sometimes given for the landing by Henry Sinclair, 1st Earl of Orkney, in what is thought to be Newfoundland.
2 June 1581: The ex-Regent, James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton, is executed for his alleged involvement in the murder of Lord Darnley, James VI's father, fourteen years earlier following accusations made by Robert Stewart, 1st Earl of Orkney.
2 June 1994: A Royal Air Force Chinook helicopter crashes on the Mull of Kintyre, killing all twenty-five passengers and four crew on board.
4 June 1694: The Merchant Maiden Hospital is established in Edinburgh with considerable support from philanthropist Mary Erskine. Known since 1944 as The Mary Erskine School, it is one of the oldest girls' schools in the world.
4 June 1792: The King's Birthday riots, apparently prompted by agitators, begin in Edinburgh. They last three days and nights and lead to the death of at least one person.
5 June 1916: The Royal Navy cruiser HMS Hampshire strikes a mine and sinks off Orkney with the loss of 643 crew and 7 passengers. Amongst those killed is Field Marshal Lord Kitchener, en route to Russia.
5 June 1929: Ramsay MacDonald becomes Prime Minister for the second time.
6 June 1891: The death in Ottowa of Sir John A. Macdonald, the dominant figure of Canadian Confederation who became the first Prime Minister of Canada.
8 June 793: The monastery at Lindisfarne suffers its first raid by Vikings. Others will follow, leading to the abandonment of the monastery in 875.
8 June 1440: James Kennedy is formally appointed Bishop of St Andrews by Pope Eugenius IV.
9 June 1952: The death in Canada of John MacGregor VC, MC & Bar, DCM, a First World War recipient of the Victoria Cross.
10 June 1719: Spanish troops, supported by 1,000 Jacobites clansmen, are defeated at the Battle of Glen Shiel which takes place on the steep mountainsides flanking the glen. The Spanish surrender but their part in the battle is remembered by the name of the overlooking mountain, Sgurr nan Spainnteach, or "Peak of the Spaniards".
10 June 1858: The death in London of Robert Brown, the botanist best known for his work in Australia, and one of the first to observe the phenomenon since called Brownian motion.
11 June 1488: James III seeks to capture his eldest son, James, Duke of Rothesay, who at 15 is becoming a focus for dissent in the kingdom. Following the Battle of Sauchieburn between their supporters near Stirling, on the site of the earlier Battle of Bannockburn, the injured James III is murdered by persons unknown.
11 June 1930: The liner RMS Empress of Britain is launched at John Brown's shipyard on the Clyde by HRH Prince of Wales.
12 June 1997: The island of Eigg passes into community ownership when it is purchaseed by the Eigg Heritage Trust.
13 June 1625: King Charles I marries Henrietta Maria, daughter of King Henry IV of France.
13 June 1831: The birth in Edinburgh of James Clerk Maxwell, widely regarded as one of greatest scientists of any era. His work on the theory of electromagnetism makes him the father of modern physics and he also made fundamental contributions to mathematics, astronomy and engineering.
14 June 1645: The New Model Army, with Oliver Cromwell as its second-in-command, wins the decisive victory of the Civil War at Naseby.
14 June 1946: John Logie Baird, one of the fathers of television, dies at his home in Bexhill-on-Sea.
15 June 1567: Scottish nobles intent on retrieving Mary Queen of Scots from James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, meet the couple and a thousand supporters at Carberry Hill, east of Edinburgh. After a day long stand-off Mary agrees to the nobles' demands and sends Bothwell away. They never meet again. Mary is taken away to imprisonment in Lochleven Castle on an island in Loch Leven, near Kinross.
15 June 1945: The RMS Queen Mary leaves Gourock on the River Clyde, taking 15,000 US troops home.
15 June 1996: The death of Sir Fitzroy Maclean, the diplomat, soldier, adventurer, writer and politician: and, according to some accounts, a partial model for the fictional character of James Bond.
16 June 1971: The death of Lord Reith, viewed by many as the father of the BBC, the British Broadcasting Corporation.
17 June 1390: Alexander Stewart, youngest son of Robert II and younger brother of John, Earl of Carrick (now Robert III) and Robert, Earl of Fife destroys Elgin Cathedral in reprisal against Bishop Alexander Bur. He is better remembered as the "Wolf of Badenoch".
17 June 1790: The death in Canada of William Davidson, the lumber merchant, ship builder and politician.
18 June 1815: Ensign Charles Ewart captures the regimental eagle of the French 45th Regiment of the Line at the Battle of Waterloo.
19 June 1937: The death of J.M. Barrie, the novelist and dramatist best known for inventing the character of Peter Pan.
20 June 1887: The rebuilt Tay Rail Bridge opens.
21 June 1221: King Alexander II marries Joan of England, sister of the English King Henry III, at York Minster.
21 June 1919: The captured German fleet is scuttled in Scapa Flow, Orkney.
22 June 1679: Covenanters gather at Bothwell, near the River Clyde, throughout June but are unable to agree a common manifesto. Meanwhile the government gathers its forces under the Duke of Monmouth, one of Charles II's many illegitimate offspring. The two sides meet at the Battle of Bothwell Brig (Bridge) and the Covenanters are routed with the loss of 800 killed and twice as many taken prisoner.
23 June 1650: Charles II lands at Garmouth in Morayshire after sailing from the Netherlands and evading the English ships trying to intercept him. Charles signed the Covenant and the Solemn League immediately after coming ashore.
23 June 1725: Serious rioting breaks out in Glasgow in protest at Westminster-imposed taxes on Scottish malt.
23 June 1876: The death of Robert Napier, the engineer often remembered as "The Father of Clyde Shipbuilding."
24 June 1314: An English army under King Edward II sent to relieve Stirling Castle is defeated by Robert the Bruce at the Battle of Bannockburn. Edward II only narrowly escapes with his life. It is the most notable single military victory in Scottish history.
25 June 1886: The Crofters Holding Act, sometimes called the "Magna Carta of Gaeldom", is passed, protecting the tenure of crofters.
26 June 1695: The establishment by an Act of the Scots Parliament of the "Company of Scotland Trading to Africa and the Indies," which is better known as the "Darien Company".
26 June 1970: The Kingston Bridge, carrying the M8 motorway over the River Clyde in Glasgow, is opened.
28 June 1146: A service of dedication is held in the abbey church at Melrose Abbey, which would take another 50 years to complete in its entirety.
28 June 1491: The birth of Henry Tudor, who as King Henry VIII of England had a huge impact on Scotland.
28 June 1838: Queen Victoria is crowned in Westminster Abbey in London.
30 June 1917: John Maclean, the revolutionary socialist politician who played an important part in the Red Clydeside movement, is released from prison following a public campaign.