Kinross-shire, also known as the County of Kinross, was one of the 34 traditional counties into which Scotland was divided for administrative purposes. The county comprised the settlements of Kinross and Milnathort and the surrounding areas. At the heart of the county lay Loch Leven.
Kinross-shire was bordered by Perthshire, Fife and Clackmannanshire. A tidying up of the map of counties which reduced their number to 33 in 1890 had no effect on Kinross-shire, which as a result remained a county in its own right until reorganisation in 1975 swept all the counties away in favour of 12 regions. Having said that, from 1929, Kinross-shire had a joint County Council with its much larger neighbour, Perthshire.
The regions formed in 1975 were the upper tier of a two tier local authority system, and the area which had formed Kinross-shire became part of Tayside Region.
Most regions were divided into a number of district council areas, and Tayside had three. As part of the reorganisation the traditional area of Kinross-shire was joined with most of Perthshire to become Perth & Kinross District.
Regions and districts disappeared from the scene in a major reorganisation in 1996, being replaced by 32 unitary council areas. Tayside's three district councils, including Perth & Kinross, each became a unitary council in its own right, taking over the boundaries of the district which had preceded it.