Dunfermline was a district council area which existed from 1975 to 1996. It was one of three district councils that delivered a range of local level services within the wider area of the region of Fife, which over this period was one of the 12 regions into which Scotland was divided.
Dunfermline District was formed from the western portion of the traditional county of Fife, which in 1975 became a region with only slight boundary changes. The result was a district which included settlements such as Dunfermline, Rosyth, Dalgety Bay, Culross and Kincardine. It was bordered by Clackmannan and Perth & Kinross, both districts of Central Region, and by Fife's Kirkcaldy District.
When regions and districts disappeared from the scene in the 1996 reorganisation, the area of Dunfermline District became part of the unitary council area of Fife. For administrative purposes, Fife is divided by the council into three management areas. These use the boundaries of the old districts, with the result that the area of Dunfermline District is now the Dunfermline and West Fife management area.